Travel & Tourism
Lauded by many as “the Pearl of Africa,” Uganda is one of the most fertile countries on the continent, with an astonishing array of wildlife and a diverse society that celebrates its vibrant culture through music, dance, and art. Though this small East African nation suffered greatly under the dictator Idi Amin Dada, today Uganda’s economy has recovered and its people look to their future.
Uganda’s diversity of flora and fauna, its snowcapped mountains, booming falls, and serene lakes, make it the perfect place for visitors looking to experience the African outdoors in all its glory. Uganda is home to the Big Five (lions, leopards, elephants, rhinoceroses, and buffalo), as well as the largest gorilla population in the world. Bordering Lake Victoria (the largest lake in the world) and home to the source of the Nile, Uganda is the heart of East Africa and continues to entice travelers from around the world looking for an unforgettable African wildlife experience.
What to Do
1. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park: We admit it has an intimidating name, but this park isn’t as impenetrable as it sounds. Located in southwestern Uganda, this rain forest is home to half the world’s mountain gorilla population. In order to participate in gorilla tracking, one must obtain a permit at the Uganda Wildlife Authority in Kampala. Bwindi is also home to 90 other mammal species, including 11 different primates. Located along the ridges of the Albertine Rift Valley, Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a wonderful place for hiking, bird watching, and monkey viewing.
2. Lake Mburo National Park: Famous for its astounding biodiversity, this park, located in southern Uganda, is excellent for game viewing. There are approximately 68 species of mammals in Lake Mburo National Park; it’s the most famous for its eland antelope, zebras, topi, and impalas. The park’s five lakes are home to an abundance of crocodiles, hippos, and water birds. Guided walks and boat rides are great ways to observe the animals that call this national park home.
3. Murchison Falls National Park: Uganda’s largest park, this swath of land is bisected by the Nile and named after the thunderous falls where Africa’s longest river plunges 141 feet (43 meters) from the Rift Valley escarpment into a pool below. The Murchison Falls are an impressive sight, as are many of the animals to be seen in the park, such as giraffes, chimps, and elephants. We recommend taking a launch trip to the base of the falls to admire both flora and fauna.
4. Queen Elizabeth National Park: With almost 100 mammal species and 606 bird species, Queen Elizabeth is one of Uganda’s best national parks for a traditional safari. Stay in the tourist village on the Mweya peninsula, take launch trips on the Kazinga channel, and see whether you can spot some tree-climbing lions in the Ishasha sector.
5. Rwenzori Mountains: Whether you are an experienced climber or an enthusiastic amateur, the Rwenzori Mountains offer world-class hiking and climbing. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, these mountains are breathtaking, and guides are available to take passionate hikers all the way to the snowy peaks.
6. Virunga Volcanoes in Mgahinga National Park: In the Mgahinga National Park, hikers can explore the three extinct volcanoes that make up the Virunga Volcanoes: Mount Sabyinyo, Mount Gahinga, and Mount Muhavura. On the final peak you will find yourself in Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo all at once.
7. Bungee Jumping and White Water Rafting: Adrenaline junkies should plan to try the Nile High Bungee in Jinja, the only bungee platform in East Africa, or navigate the wild rapids of the White Nile for a few hours or a few days—whichever you can handle.
8. Source of the White Nile: Many explorers have come to Uganda in search of the source of Africa’s longest river. The White Nile springs from Lake Victoria, and the area offers beautiful vistas and boat rides on Lake Victoria and the Nile.
9. Ssese Islands: This archipelago of 84 islands is situated in the northwestern corner of Lake Victoria. Off the beaten tourist track, the white sand beaches of these islands provide visitors with the perfect place to relax. Rest while visiting Bugala, the largest of the islands and one of the only ones with accommodations for tourists.
10. Royal Ascot Goat Races: If you’re in Uganda in September, check out this curious event. Beginning in 1993, a horse-breeder pitted goats against one another as a fund-raising race. The races now take place every year and have gained such popularity that they were moved from the Kampala Rugby Club to the Speke Resort in Munyonyo. Participants enter a goat with the hopes of winning a cash prize, and spectators arrive in their Sunday best and outrageous hats, mimicking the attendees at the traditional Ascot horse races held in Ascot, England.
When to Go
Visitors to Uganda do not have to worry about intense tropical heat and humidity as they might elsewhere on the continent. Thanks to the country’s elevation on a plateau, the climate in Uganda is mild. The small nation also receives ample rainfall. Though it is wetter from April to May and from October to November, Uganda is a great place to visit all year.
Getting In and Around
Visas: You can apply for a visa at the Ugandan embassy or consulate ahead of time or at the airport when you arrive. Most foreign nationals require a visa to enter Uganda, and proof of yellow fever inoculation is needed for applying for a visa. For a list of further visa details and requirements, visit the website of the Embassy of the Republic of Uganda in Washington, D.C.
Transportation: The main international airport is located in Entebbe, 35 kilometers from Kampala, the capital city. There is also a domestic Ugandan airline based in Entebbe, and it is possible to charter flights to safari destinations.
Driving is the most common way to get around Uganda, either by private vehicle or by bus, and traffic moves on the left. It is possible to rent a car in one of Uganda’s major cities with an international driver’s license or a British driver’s license.
The cheapest and fastest way to get around Uganda is by minibus. Known as matatus, these minibuses run between all major cities and around much of the rest of Uganda but can be very crowded. Taxis are also available in most cities and towns, and though they may be more comfortable than matatus, they are more expensive.
Mobile Phones: It is possible to use your mobile phone in Uganda if you have an international plan, but doing so is very expensive. Phone shops can be found in most cities and town, and SIM cards and prepaid mobile phones are relatively inexpensive.
Safety and Security
Concerned about your safety as you plan travel to Uganda? We at Africa.com, together with our friends, family and colleagues, travel extensively throughout the continent. Here are the resources we consult when thinking of our safety in Uganda:
Africa.com comment: Very timely and frequently updated. Perspective assumes that you ARE going to travel to Uganda, and seeks to give you good guidance so that you understand the risks and are well informed.
Africa.com comment: An annual ranking of the 54 African countries based on their relative personal security as determined by a highly qualified staff of an African foundation, funded by a successful African philanthropist. See where Uganda ranks relative to the other 54 nations in Africa.
Africa.com comment: Can sometimes be considered as overly conservative and discourage travel altogether to destinations that many reasonable people find acceptably secure. On the other hand, they have the resources of the CIA to inform them, so they know things that the rest of us don’t know. See what they have to say about Uganda.
1. Uganda is a landlocked country situated in East Africa. It is bordered by Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Sudan. It is slightly smaller than the state of Oregon. Uganda is separated into the Northern, Eastern, Central, and Western regions. It consists mostly of plateau but also has some of the most breathtaking mountains in Africa. Though lacks access to the sea, Uganda has a bounty of lakes and rivers, so the land is extremely fertile.
2. The official language in Uganda is English. It is taught in schools and used in government, administration, and newspapers, but few Ugandans outside of major cities speak English fluently. Ganda or Luganda is the most widely spoken unofficial language, but roughly 40 other native languages are spoken in Uganda. Most Ugandans are fluent in several of those native languages, and many also speak Swahili.
3. Especially in recent years, a significant campaign has been waged to protect Uganda’s natural environment. It has included the banning of plastic bags. When traveling to Uganda, do not take plastic bags with you, and respect the environment, especially outside of larger cities. Smoking has been banned in all indoor public places in Uganda since 2004, and violators face fines or arrest.
4. Uganda is home to 33 million people, and it has a young population: 50 percent of Ugandans are under the age of 15. The largest ethnic group in Uganda is the Baganda.
5. Uganda’s currency is the Ugandan shilling, represented by the symbol UGX.