When did Apartheid end?
|Answer:||Facing mounting economic sanctions and moral denouncement from the international community, negotiations to dismantle apartheid were conducted between 1990 and 1993 under President F. W. de Klerk. The negotiations were intended to pave the way for a peaceful transition of power and culminated in the 1994 election, which saw the institution of a tripartite government called The Government of National Unity, comprised of the African National Congress (ANC), the National Party (NP), and the Inkatha Freedom Party. The election was the first in South Africa's history in which all adult citizens had the right to vote, regardless of race. Nelson Mandela was elected as the first black president of South Africa and the country's constitution was rewritten to remove all policies of apartheid and segregation. The end of apartheid was followed by an era of contrition, in which former leaders and well-known supporters of apartheid issued public apologies. Former President F. W. de Klerk said 'I apologize in my capacity as leader of the NP to the millions who suffered wrenching disruption of forced removals; who suffered the shame of being arrested for pass law offences; who over the decades suffered the indignities and humiliation of racial discrimination'.|